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꼴ƪʷС˵ѧ빥ʷȴͨŹרҵֵ¼֪Īĸѧԣȴûнٳѧ룬ԭһƪ̸ҵѧĹѧ˵ɶ˵ͣ˵ĸֳӲ˵ķǣ̰ͼ˵ķ־˵ļ鸶һԸƲͷ˵һꡣ
մʵϵ˵籨telegraphͨҵһ֣ʹõͨŵķõߣŲߣ壬ͨӦĵ紦ʵԶ봫뽻Ϣͨŷʽ
Щϴִϼغϣͨ磬ǿɲԶˡͨϵǵûӮͬ飬ڨЦͨīնкЩͨܳϹ·ۡѧǸ۵Ķӡ֣ʱǴӢۣͬһ仰˵Ǿȣӷϵ˵Ǿԡͨ˵ʦһƬк۳ͨ˵۱人ϴ׳Ͷ޶ϻƺ֮֮գȴЦǻ軰ʵIJɣɱ⻹Щء
տķΪλɽȷʵڸԹķΣǷǼ˶Ӷ߱ij뿪Цʹɽ˵סĵطʹݺܽȥʹûУɽÿɷ񡣺һλӢʱɽפӢʹڵ֣¶Լȥʹһ̽Ը
ʵ˫ִʵսͶֶѡٹѾսռ˵Ƹߵ㣬Ȼͨ罻ϰվͿһ㣺ΡҪ̣ҪƽԶһijƺš
512գ»ַ˵ڶͨ磬شԬϸϿһҪϾöࡣµġͼС֮ƣȴ˽𣬸Ԭ˽շΪ壬˽»¹˽ȫʱһֽȫ
ʴ峯ƸĸIJ佨ĿΪά峯ͳΡȻ˵ҲһЩĺ£վ峯ѾӸ໵ˣļ˻صġ1911ɹ꣬ʴΪ̨ͨġͨȻҵ񣬾ǴŴ档
֮ͭö٣֮ײͬΪ֮Ҳ֪Үգ֪ȣʷߣԻľйǧδ֮иģΪء֮裬뺣ףֱᣬͨ˴Ⱦˮ࣬Ϊĺ԰ʹй֮ϲĹͭߣаϺ
ѾĴȻһƣüȻߵ˵ͨôƿɴֱ߲ӹͨβѰ֮ʱʶ籨ĺôˡﴫͣڶ̶֮ھ͸ֲڸ޵ǿ߲㶼磬ڼ籨Ĺȥ˲Ϣɸ㶨
ǵĹ۸УϿԴһʱй˶Ե籨ȫһ㾪죬ǣŵ籨ġ漼ɡʱ磬˵ʷΪйʷɻȱһ羰
Щм䣬Ī˹Էḻһӱ硱ŵСݺݵء硱ˣͺָݽĻ˹ͨһඥ󳹴򡣽ܿѷڽʱ˵ͨ೤ĵ߶ֻһ˲¡ѾáеĪ˹Ȼ뵽õϢĻDzڣʱ̺İļ˱ϵʱĪ˹˽Ѿвٷڷ籨ĵ·ǰͺ̣ѾԼˣддˡ籨̤֡3ʱĪ˹Ѿ¶ģҪԼƳ籨
ϧȫʵūǵӵūͣǡ෴óʰӣרˡ
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й籨ʷϼؼһԭ򣬺ٷӰ켫ΪԶ
Ҳ˵ӺߣǶӣԼҲʼ籨ˣΪ͵뼺ÿʧ޴
ΪץϣҴԼķ޻ȥ˴ͬҤӡ޻ǽˣܸҤϰサ̸߿ࡣƾ鱨ƮƼӲ￵ڳ˲ѡͳشţڡͷdz￴ŭ⡶ͨƮƼƮƼڱвסһһǹƥȥɽɽרáҪ֪ǻңɲʯ̫ٹ·

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෽ijƤ1887һʢʹ󱱡ҹ˾ǩһ籨˾ᶩͬϸ涨ˡ󺣻ĵ籨·ηˣѴ󱱹˾ĵָ˴󶫹˾һз֮ˡ
1859꣬ղع͸͢һ籨ΪƷȴΪȴͻ˼ҡ1863꣬Ӣʹ͢籨÷Ϊ͢嵥籨ã籨·衢Ŀλã籨Ŀȵȡϧ͢ڵ籨Ȥ׼籨·ʱ̴ͨ󳼳Ϊ籨⡰й洦ݺʱйʮַգһ·ǵԹص۵籨׶ҥ˵һһӴڵϣר˻ǣȻ˳߸Ӣ֮ĵطȥʳ֮ʳ֮ѻƬġ
˹ͨԵ籨Ȥʼ1930ʱ籨۳Ѿ֣ŷ޿ѧŸɶʵûĵ籨װ˹ͨѧרҵһʼ˵·оüʵֳ봫ͣȴŴʧܣһֱڿСֱ1837ָӢʾĴ籨˹ͨඥγѣתעŵ˵ѧϢݼϵӦáָع󲻾ñȾȥĽ籨Ľ㽻˻˹ͨ
1907꣬ʴ·ˡյݵ籨³̡ʽԵ籨ݽͿơ³ҪеģӸĹٷӡͱ̱ܷ磬Ҫ˻ر涨СٰݣҪϸڹѧҪڷ籨Ҳͨصʹݡ˵ĵ籨СΥҲҪ
ͷϿȻʧܣIJϲΪһ۾ϲ̨͵ЦһŮѧŮѧżŮ׺͡
ƽʱʡհ棬ӦԼΪдڿ͵۹ȵӰӰˮ׼СϣٽչʾŻԷ磬˵̫æͶձʷôæأ
Ϊжղ˭ҲΣ㴰ֽһֱԺűͱơ
ΪѶֻð̷ͬڵȵټ飬ЩѧҲ׷ȰʦܻΪԥΪڲ߻䣬Ԭ¾ɱ»ȻΧú԰̫ؼڣ뿪ʡ̷ͬ˵ʦ뿪ﻮЩѧ𡣿ΪʾôԬ£Ҳߵ÷ġʱԬѾάߵúܽάһܹ´گʱԬĸҲڲֻ࣬˴ûÿΪܲġ
ղӵ˽籨ı֮Ȼŭ漴侲¶ȻСǣȴ󡣾ǰһ꣬Ϻո亱šǻݵǰ⻥ɹԱ֮ͬ䰸Ӳһ
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ÿһ죬ϱʮĪǡȻ峯ĩѾʳй⽨ľҲdz˲쵱˵ɣǶ뵽峯طԱ¡֮ȣ˵̣ͺѩѾдʷαµˣԬ⺷ۡרҵоʷ߹Ҳۣڵİմ˵ʢʵڲϤ
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Щм䣬Ī˹Էḻһӱ硱ŵСݺݵء硱ˣͺָݽĻ˹ͨһඥ󳹴򡣽ܿѷڽʱ˵ͨ೤ĵ߶ֻһ˲¡ѾáеĪ˹Ȼ뵽õϢĻDzڣʱ̺İļ˱ϵʱĪ˹˽Ѿвٷڷ籨ĵ·ǰͺ̣ѾԼˣддˡ籨̤֡3ʱĪ˹Ѿ¶ģҪԼƳ籨
޾ԡʱһˣȻһƽֲԣȴжȫͨͷ
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